Remote -controlled aircraft first appeared in the World War I, but these origins have had poor results because the available technology was primitive. To remotely manage the aircraft, it was needed some type of a management system to replace the flying pilot. At that time, drones and guided missiles were closely related, because the challenges in managing the year were essentially the same – with airplanes and rockets code. Guided missiles differ from drones in one crucial thing – drones are designed to be returned after the mission while rockets explode when they hit the target.
Drones in recent years become one of the symbols of the new age wars. Wars conducted quickly and efficiently, with minimal loss of their own power, wars in which the time for obtaining the information and decision-making drastically reduced.
On the night of 3 November 2002, in a Yemeni Marib desert, a car with one of the main leaders of Al Qaeda exploded. The car was destroyed with Hellfire missile fired from drone RQ – 1A Predator that flew thousands of feet high, and remote managed from a place hundreds of miles away, in Djibouti.
This attack announced a new era, an era of war robots. The use of unmanned aircraft can be traced back to the time before World War II. The first attempts to unmanned aircraft carried out in 1917 in the form of experiments with radio control and inertial navigation. The first applicable aircraft were used as targets in training anti-aircraft artillery gunner. During World War II, the first attempts are made to use the unmanned aircraft in combat, but this technology has evolved substantially in the direction of keeping the guided missile. Until the fifties, the aircraft were adapted for carrying out reconnaissance missions, which over the next half-century will be their primary mission.
The first massive use of drones occurred during the Vietnam War, when the unmanned aircraft executed thousands of spy missions that were too risky for aircraft with crew. With the advent of new technologies, such as digital camera, satellite navigation and microprocessors, features of UAVs are rapidly grown. A number of aircraft has also grown, from mini-UAVs to aircraft with a wide wings with the same dimensions as jumbo jets. Options of drones are so developed that a good number of naval aviation completely replaced manned aircraft. Despite its advantages, the unmanned aircraft are still in an infant stage of development.
Unmanned aerial vehicles or drones are one of the main topics in today’s world of technology, with the special emphasis on their use in the military and the police forces.
The drones were mostly used for intelligence, reconnaissance, surveillance and offensive tasks, but they eventually began to use in civil – commercial purposes.
The European Commission reports that in 20 European countries there are currently more than 400 projects working on unmanned aerial vehicles. A major share of those companies that are working on the development of unmanned aerial vehicles produces them in small and medium sizes that are suitable for civil – commercial purposes. Read More